- Not to be confused with hitstun, a completely different phenomenon.
Freeze frames (also known as hitlag and hitstop) are a phenomenon that appears in the Super Smash Bros. games and Super Smash Flash 2. When an attack connects, both the attacker and target will freeze for a number of frames, hence the name "freeze frames". There are no freeze frames in Super Smash Flash, as all characters simply flinch when the attack connects.
Unlike in the official Smash games, the attacker and the victim can sometimes, depending on the attack, experience different freeze frame times in SSF2, giving one of them frame advantage. Pummeling also does not apply hitlag, like it does in the main Smash games.
The number of freeze frames applied depends on the attack. Weak attacks, like Mario's standard attack will have minimal freeze frames, but the freeze frames of strong, electric, and sweetspotted attacks can last as long as half a second. Freeze frames will also go into affect if two attacks clash or if the attack is perfect shielded.
Projectiles that apply freeze frames, on contact with an enemy, will not affect their owner. For example, Samus' movement will not be interrupted if her Charge Shot hits a foe. An attack can put the involved characters in hitlag even if said attack deals no damage or if the victim is invincible.